Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992)’s Innovative Musical Language, 
Incorporating Traditional Elements of the Western Music, 
Church Music into the Contemporary Music of His Own

Presentation with Young-Hyun Cho (USA)

Dr. Young-Hyun Cho currently serves as Assistant Professor of Piano at The University of Texas at Arlington. Dr. Cho received a Doctor of Musical Arts degree from the Eastman School of Music of University of Rochester, a Master’s degree and a Graduate Performance Diploma from Peabody Conservatory of Johns Hopkins University, and a Bachelor’s degree from Seoul National University. Her major teachers include Nelita True (Professor of Piano at Eastman School of Music and a recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Keyboard Pedagogy Conference and Achievement Award from the Music Teachers’ National Association) and Boris Slutsky (Professor of Piano at Peabody Conservatory, prize winner of William Kapell, Busoni, Bach, Chopin, Ettore Pozzoli International Piano Competitions.)

Dr. Cho is a uniquely versatile pianist, appearing frequently as orchestral soloist, solo recitalist, and chamber musician. She is a featured soloist, appearing with such orchestras as the Eastman Symphony Orchestra, the International Chamber Ensemble of Rome, the Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) Symphony Orchestra, the Korean Symphony Orchestra, the Seoul National Symphony Orchestra, the Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra, the Euro-Asian Philharmonic Orchestra, Holland Symphony Orchestra, and The University of Texas at Arlington Orchestra. Her performances and interviews have been broadcast nationally in South Korea on KBS-TV and FM radio.

Dr. Cho’s performance credentials have been further enhanced through prize winnings in international and national piano competitions, including the Eastman Concerto Competition, the Harrison Winter Piano Competition, the KBS Music Competition, the Music Association of Korea Competition, the Seoul Arts Center’s Orchestral Festival Soloist Music Competition, and the Joong Ang Times Music Competition. She received the Certificate of the Artistic Achievement from Virginia Waring International Piano Competition. Moreover, she was one of the prizewinners for the 2005 Louisiana International Piano Competition, where she was later invited to return as a featured performer and speaker for their opening ceremonies in 2009. 
As an active chamber musician, Dr. Cho has performed numerous collaborative recitals. Her collaborative repertoire is consistently marked by a demanding repertoire and a diversity of musical styles. Upon joining the Department of Music at UTA, she has performed numerous collaborative recitals and concert series with her colleagues. Previously, she was selected as a member of the Eastman Chamber Music Society. She was active as a graduate assistant in accompanying and was repeatedly nominated for the Excellence in Accompanying Award. Dr. Cho has collaborative coaching experience with various pianists, instrumentalists, and singers, such as Jean Barr (piano), Oleh Krysa, (violin), Mikhail Kopleman (violin), and the Ying Quartet (strings).

Dr. Cho is a dedicated educator, having held teaching positions at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, and Columbia Union College in Takoma Park, Maryland.  She was invited to teach at the Berlin International Music Festival and Academy in Germany and the Texas Music Teachers Association.  She has also given master classes and recitals at the California State University at Long Beach; Oakland University in Michigan; Levine School of Music in Washington D.C.; Louisiana State University, McNeese State University in Louisiana; Henderson State University in Arkansas; Texas State University, West Texas A&M University, and Midwestern State University in Texas; Briar Cliff University, Morningside College, Northwestern College in Iowa. Upcoming events include recitals and master classes in universities and music schools in Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Korea, as well as in U.S.A.


Format of Presentation: Lecture-Piano Recital format: The lecture will be elaborated by demonstrations of the musical examples at the piano, followed by a performance of the selected five pieces among the collection consisting of the twenty piano pieces, Vingt Regards sur l’Enfant Jesus (1944).

From the medieval era, church music/Christianism has affected the traditional Western music tremendously. Messiaen (1908-1992), a 20th-century French composer who established unique musical language of his own, underlies his devout Christianism in most of his music, including Vingt Regards sur l’Enfant Jesus (1944). I will discuss composer’s brief bio, the meanings of the titles, the mystical significance of the work, and the inspirational source materials, as well as the traditional church music components, religious symbols in his music, and pre-existing compositional techniques used in his piece.

The topic will be discussed further by examining the following themes: 
(1) The recurrent themes which have roots in theology, 
(2) Numerology, 
(3) The concept of Eternity reflected in rhythm, 
(4) The concept of Eternity reflected in harmony, 
(5) The concept of Eternity reflected in melody, 
(6) Birdsongs, 
(7) The adaptation of old compositional methods. 

Dr. Cho will discuss the unifying themes that thread the entire collection, the way the themes are constructed in association with the theology, the symbolic meaning of the number, the concept of time and eternity, additive rhythm, poly-rhythm, palindrome rhythm, limited modes of transposition, Messiaen as an ornithologist and Birdsongs, the use of the Renaissance canonic technique and Gregorian chant. 

Organized by IUGTE in collaboration with "ArtUniverse"